Flu can impact people of all ages. It frequently causes people to miss school and work, and in some cases, may cause serious complications such as pneumonia.
Flu is a serious infection that affects between 5-20% of the US population annually. Each year in the US, millions of people get sick, hundreds of thousands are hospitalized, and thousands to tens of thousands die from flu and related complications. Every year flu affects employers and businesses and costs the US approximately $10.4 billion in direct costs for hospitalizations and outpatient visits for adults. During the 2017–2018 flu season, vaccination prevented approximately 7 million flu illnesses, 109,000 flu hospitalizations, and 8,000 flu deaths.
Common symptoms include fever (101ºF-102ºF), muscle/body aches, chills, tiredness, with sudden onset. Other symptoms may include a cough and/or sore throat and a runny or stuffy nose. Fever is less common in people age 65 and older. Diagnostic tests are available to help guide treatment.
The best way to prevent flu is to receive an influenza vaccination every year. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone age 6 months and older get vaccinated annually. The best time to get vaccinated is in the early fall, before influenza viruses begin spreading in your community. However, vaccination throughout the flu season is still beneficial. To find locations where vaccines are available by zip code, visit https://vaccinefinder.org/.
Flu vaccines are updated annually to protect against the influenza strains most likely to circulate each season. Flu vaccine can vary in how well it works, but even in cases when flu vaccination does not prevent infection completely, it can reduce the severity and duration of disease and prevent serious complications. For more than 50 years, hundreds of millions of individuals in the US have safely received seasonal flu vaccines.
Annual flu vaccination is the best way to prevent flu. Antiviral drugs are not a substitute for annual flu vaccination; however, prescription antiviral medications serve as an additional line of defense. CDC recommends that all individuals who are hospitalized, severely ill, or at high risk for developing serious flu-related complications should be treated with antiviral drugs immediately if flu is suspected.
Treatment of flu with antiviral drugs can reduce influenza symptoms, shorten the duration of illness by one to two days, and prevent serious complications, like pneumonia. Antivirals work best when taken within 48 hours of getting sick, but may still be beneficial when given later in the course of illness.
Healthcare professionals may treat patients based on their clinical judgment and knowledge about the level of local flu activity. For additional information, see CDC Influenza Antiviral Medications: Summary for Clinicians.
23-second video public service announcement on the burden of influenza (flu) in adults age 65 years and older and the importance of getting vaccinated
Flu resources from A to Z from the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) and partners
Sharable fact sheet outlining the benefits of influenza immunization of healthcare professionals
Get the facts about flu and children
Public service announcement (:30 animated video) on how to detect, prevent, and treat the flu from the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases
Getting vaccinated is the best and safest way for pregnant women to protect their babies and themselves from flu
Everyone age 6 months or older should receive an annual flu vaccine
Answers to parents’ questions about flu and flu vaccine
NFID public service announcement (:30 animated video) on the impact of flu on adults age 65 years and older
NFID public service announcement (:30 animated video) providing information on how to take 3 steps to #FightFlu