Render of Chickenpox Shingles Varicella Zoster

Chickenpox (Varicella)

Chickenpox is caused by the highly contagious varicella zoster virus. It is spread by coughing and sneezing, and by direct contact with skin lesions (chickenpox rash that looks different from the skin around it).

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A mosquito bites a person

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is an infection caused by a virus that spreads to people from the bite of an infected mosquito. It can cause severe joint and muscle pain

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Coronaviruses

Coronaviruses (COVID-19)

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as COVID-19, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

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Dengue

Dengue

Dengue viruses are spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. Although symptoms can be mild, severe dengue can be life-threatening within a few hours.

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Diphtheria

Diphtheria is an acute bacterial disease that usually affects the tonsils, throat, nose, and/or skin.

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Ebola

Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a virus that can cause illness in humans and other primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).

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Flu (Influenza)

Influenza (flu) is a contagious viral infection of the nose, throat, and lungs that can cause mild to severe symptoms and life-threatening complications, even in healthy children and adults

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Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The most common types of viral hepatitis in the US are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.

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Hib Virus

Hib Disease

Hib disease is a serious illness that can cause meningitis, pneumonia, and other serious infections. Infants and children younger than age 5 years are most at risk.

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HIV/AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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Human Papillomavirus

HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the US that can cause certain cancers and genital warts.

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Picture of JE - Mosquito located in Asia and the Western Pacific

Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a potentially severe disease caused by a virus spread by infected mosquitos in Asia and the western Pacific.

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Measles Graphic

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease that can result in severe, sometimes permanent, complications including pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, and even death.

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Meningococcal Disease

Meningococcal disease is a serious bacterial infection that most often leads to severe swelling of the tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) or infection of the bloodstream.

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Mpox virus

Mpox

Mpox is a rare disease that is caused by infection with mpox virus. It is spread through contact with the virus from an animal, human, or materials contaminated with the virus.

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Mumps

Mumps is a contagious disease caused by a virus that spreads easily through coughing and sneezing.

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Norovirus

Noroviruses are a group of related viruses that are highly contagious. Commonly referred to as “food poisoning” or a “stomach bug,” noroviruses are the most common cause of gastroenteritis in the US.

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Pneumococcal Disease Digital Illustration

Pneumococcal Disease

Pneumococcal disease is caused by common bacteria that can attack different parts of the body and is a leading cause of serious illness in people of all ages.

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Polio

Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus that invades the nervous system and is spread through contact with the stool (feces) of an infected person or droplets from a sneeze or cough.

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Rabies

Rabies is a preventable viral disease most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. The rabies virus infects the central nervous system of mammals, ultimately causing disease in the brain and death.

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Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a respiratory virus that infects the lungs and breathing passages and can be serious, especially for infants and older adults.

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Rotavirus

Rotavirus is a highly contagious virus that infects nearly all young children and is one of the most common and serious causes of severe diarrhea in the US.

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Rubella

Rubella, sometimes called “German measles,” is caused by a virus and can cause serious birth defects.

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Shingles (Herpes Zoster)

Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. The virus stays inactive in the body for life and can reactivate years, or even decades later, causing shingles.

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Tetanus

Tetanus, sometimes called lockjaw, is a bacterial disease that affects the nervous system. It is contracted through cuts or wounds that become contaminated with tetanus bacteria.

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Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

Whooping cough, also called pertussis, is a serious infection that spreads easily from person to person. The infection causes coughing spells that are so severe that it can be hard to breathe, eat, or sleep.

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Zika

Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes. Zika can be transmitted by pregnant women to developing babies, and infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly and other serious birth defects.

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