Pneumococcus

Pneumococcal Disease

Pneumococcal disease is a leading cause of serious illness throughout the world. It is caused by a common type of bacteria, the pneumococcus, which can attack different parts of the body. Illnesses caused by pneumococcus include pneumonia, meningitis, middle ear and sinus infections, and a condition called bacteremia, which is an infection of the blood.

There are an estimated 400,000 hospitalizations from pneumococcal pneumonia, 12,000 cases of bacteremia, and 3,000 cases of meningitis each year in the United States. It is estimated that 900,000 Americans get pneumococcal pneumonia each year and 5-7% will die from it.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 90% of invasive pneumococcal disease cases are in adults and there were an estimated 3,300 deaths from pneumococcal bacteremia in 2012. More than 12,000 cases of pneumococcal bacteremia occur each year and of those cases about 15% will die from the infection.

Pneumococcal disease can also cause very serious illness in children. In fact, pneumococcal disease is the most common cause of invasive bacterial infection in children in the US. Children under 2 years of age fall into the highest general risk group for invasive pneumococcal infections.

Vaccines are available and are recommended for routine use in children, adults 65 years of age and older, and others with certain risk conditions. Still, many of those indicated have never received a pneumococcal vaccine.

NFID is committed to providing education about pneumococcal disease. Talk to your healthcare provider about pneumococcal disease and vaccination.

Learn more about pneumococcal disease in adults and the vaccines to prevent it.

Resources

Adolescent Vaccination Recommendation: Pneumococcal

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)

Allied Vaccine Group

Comprised of websites dedicated to presenting valid scientific information about the sometimes confusing subject of vaccines.

American Academy of Family Physicians

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine: What a Parent Needs to Know

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Enfermedad neumocócica - Informacion para los padres

Pneumococcal disease information in Spanish for parents from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American Academy of Pediatrics

Immunization Action Coalition

Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Burden - What Can We Do About It?

Medscape (free account required)

National Library of Medicine

National Network for Immunization Information

Pneumococcal Disease

In-depth information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American Academy of Pediatrics

Pneumococcal Disease (2012) - 30 Seconds

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)

Pneumococcal Disease - Information for Parents

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American Academy of Pediatrics

Pneumococcal Disease Fact Sheet for the Media

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)

Pneumococcal Disease Facts for Consumers

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)

Pneumococcal Disease Myths and Facts for Consumers

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)

Pneumococcal Disease Professional Practice Toolkit

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)

Update on Preventing Pneumococcal Disease in Adults

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: January 2012 - Volume 20 - Issue 1