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Pneumococcal Disease and Children

Pneumococcal disease can cause pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis, and is a common and serious complication of flu.

The best way to protect against pneumococcal disease is through vaccination.


  • All children younger than age 2 years should receive the pneumococcal conjugate vaccination (PCV) series


  • Children and adolescents age 2 years and older also need a polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) if they have any of the following:
    • Lung, heart, liver, or kidney disease; asthma; diabetes; or sickle cell disease
    • Conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, or damaged/absent spleen
    • Cochlear implants or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks


Additional Resources