Pneumococcal disease is a leading cause of serious illness throughout the world. In the US, nearly 1 million adults get pneumococcal pneumonia each year, up to 400,000 hospitalizations occur from pneumococcal pneumonia, and more than 20,000 of those hospitalized will die. The death rate is even higher for adults age 65 years and older.
Pneumococcal vaccination is recommended for all adults age 65 years and older.
Symptoms of Pneumococcal Disease
Pneumococcal disease can strike quickly and without warning. Depending on whether the infection causes pneumonia, sepsis, or meningitis, individuals may experience some combination of the following: very sudden onset of high fever, chills, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, stiff neck, and disorientation. Symptoms may be less specific in older adults, who may experience confusion or lack of alertness.
Vaccination reduces the chances of becoming infected with pneumococcal bacteria and is associated with improved survival, reduced chances of respiratory failure or other complications, and shorter in-patient stays for adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia caused by pneumococcal disease.
There are two types of pneumococcal vaccines currently recommended in the US: pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23).
All adults age 65 years and older should talk to a healthcare professional about which vaccines they need.
Reviewed December 2019
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
What you should know about pneumococcal disease
Pneumococcal disease is serious and deadly