March 28, 2024

Contagious Chronicles: Measles Alert

In this episode, NFID experts discuss norovirus, the leading cause of vomiting, diarrhea, and foodborne illness, which affects up to 21 million people in the US each year. They offer insights on the recent increase in cases as well as tips to prevent the spread of norovirus.

Key highlights:

  • Norovirus is highly contagious and causes sudden onset of vomiting and diarrhea, often mistaken for food poisoning or stomach bug
  • It spreads easily through direct contact, contaminated surfaces, water, and food
  • In the US, norovirus outbreaks typically occur between November and April, with new strains occasionally increasing disease rates by up to 50%
  • Preventive measures include thorough handwashing with soap and water, especially after vomiting or using the bathroom, and bleach cleaning of contaminated surfaces
  • Avoid food preparation while sick and stay away from others to prevent the spread of norovirus
  • Hydration is essential for managing symptoms, especially for young children and older adults
  • While there are no specific antiviral treatments for norovirus, rehydration is critical, and avoiding medications that suppress nausea and vomiting is recommended
  • Future prospects include the development of norovirus vaccines currently in clinical trials

If you have a burning question for an NFID expert, please submit it via the online form. Your question may just show up in a future episode of Contagious Chronicles.