Hepatitis B: Are You At Risk?
Globally, the most common risk factor for liver cancer is chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Approximately 1 in 4 people with chronic HBV infection will develop liver cancer or liver failure.
October is Liver Cancer Awareness Month and the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) has developed a new campaign to raise awareness about the importance of preventing hepatitis B—a virus that can live undetected within an individual for months or years, all the while attacking the liver.
It is only when serious damage has been done that symptoms of HBV infection appear, and by then, it can be difficult to treat. Individuals with chronic HBV infection may not feel sick, but they can pass the virus on to others, even if they do not experience symptoms. Hepatitis B can be prevented with safe and effective vaccines, but nearly 30 years after the US adopted a public health strategy aimed at eliminating HBV transmission, adult immunization rates remain below public health goals.
According to a 2018 NFID Call to Action, implementing hepatitis B vaccine recommendations can be challenging, as the recommendations are based on risk vs. age. There are more than a dozen different risk factors, but several risks center around sexual exposure and exposure to contaminated blood through shared needles. Stigma is known to be a factor as patients do not want to admit to these behaviors that may put them at risk. However, even when risk factors are less stigmatized, hepatitis B vaccination rates remain low. For example, only 26 percent of adults with diabetes between the ages of 19 and 59 years are vaccinated against hepatitis B as recommended.
To help raise awareness about this public health threat, NFID has developed new materials as part of a Hepatitis B Awareness Toolkit, including animated public service announcement videos and sample posts that can be shared via social media. The short videos highlight the fact that anyone can be at risk for hepatitis B which can be prevented though vaccination.
#LiverCancerAwarenessMonth is a great time to share this information widely with colleagues and patients to help #PreventHepatitis. Learn more about hepatitis B at www.nfid.org/hepb and help spread the word with the NFID Hepatitis B Awareness Toolkit.
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