The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is the best way to protect against mumps. Some vaccinated people may still get mumps if they are exposed to the virus. But the risk of getting disease in a vaccinated person is much lower compared to an unvaccinated person.
Teens and adults should ensure they are up to date on MMR vaccination.
Anyone born during or after 1957 who has never had mumps or has never been vaccinated should get vaccinated.
College students who do not have evidence of immunity need two doses of MMR vaccine, separated by at least 28 days.
If they are susceptible, other adults at higher risk, such as international travelers and healthcare professionals, should also get two doses of the MMR vaccine.
Updated June 2020
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention