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Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that can infect people of all ages. Up to 2.2 million individuals in the US have long-term or “chronic” infection, which can lead to liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, and death. Symptoms of a new hepatitis B infection may include loss of appetite, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, jaundice, and joint pain. Many individuals will have no symptoms at the time they become infected and will only know their infection has become chronic decades later when the virus has done serious damage to their liver.

Since there is no way to tell from looking at someone whether they are infected, the best protection for those at risk of coming into contact with HBV is screening and vaccination according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations. The most common ways HBV can be spread include sexual contact, needle sharing, and from an infected mother to her newborn during childbirth. HBV can be transmitted when an individual comes into contact with the blood, semen, or other body fluid of an infected person.

As of April 2018, CDC recommendations were updated to include a two-dose series of HepB-CpG as an option for hepatitis B vaccination for adults age 18 years and older. View additional information on updated CDC recommendations.

View the NFID Hepatitis B Awareness Toolkit for resources about the importance of hepatitis B disease prevention.



Adolescent Vaccination Recommendation: Hepatitis B

Diabetes and Hepatitis B Vaccination

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis B

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)

Hepatitis B: Are You at Risk?

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID): Infographic

Hepatitis B FAQs

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis B Foundation
Hepatitis B Public Service Announcements (Videos)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis B Radio PSA (2012)

National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID): 30 second radio public service announcement (PSA)

Hepatitis B Vaccination in Diabetes Care

American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE)

Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination and Screening: Best Practices from ACP and CDC

American Family Physician Practice Guidelines

Hepatitis B: What Hospitals Need to Do to Protect Newborns

Immunization Action Coalition (IAC)

Hepatitis Infection Map

HepVu: Interactive online resource that visualizes the first standardized state-level estimates of people with past or current Hepatitis C infection across the United States.

Hepatitis Risk Assessment

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Take this 5 minute hepatitis risk assessment and get a personalized report

Know Hepatitis B

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Hepatitis B is common worldwide, especially in many parts of Asia and the Pacific Islands. In the US, Hepatitis B disproportionately affects Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs). While AAPIs make up less than 5% of the US population, they account for more than 50% of Americans living with Hepatitis B.

Preventing Hepatitis B in US Adults through Increased Vaccination Rates among At-Risk Groups (October 2018)

Call to Action on the burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in US adults and key strategies to promote vaccination as a highly effective tool in preventing HBV infection

Questions Frequently Asked About Hepatitis B

Immunization Action Coalition (IAC): Read frequently asked questions about Hepatitis B and if you need the vaccine

Screening for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Nonpregnant Adolescents and Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Annals of Internal Medicine

The ABCs of Viral Hepatitis

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Fact Sheet


Additional Resources

Radio PSA on Adult Immunization

NFID radio PSAs featuring real people telling their stories about the potentially devastating consequences of vaccine-preventable diseases and the importance of adult vaccination.