Measles

The measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine protects against measles.

What is Measles?
Measles is a highly infectious respiratory disease that can result in severe, sometimes permanent, complications including pneumonia, seizures (jerking and staring), brain damage, and death. It it highly contagious and spreads easily by contact with an infected person through coughing and sneezing. In fact, if a person has measles, 9 out of 10 of his close contacts will get it too, unless they are protected. Symptoms include rash, cough, runny nose, eye irritation, and fever.


Why should I get vaccinated?
Measles cases in the US are at a 15-year high, due largely to international travel. According to the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), from January 1, 2014 through August 25, 2014, there have already been 18 outbreaks and 592 measIes cases in the United States, the highest number for one year since the disease was eliminated from the country in 2000.

The MMR vaccine is a safe and effective way to protect you and your family from measles. 


Infant & Childhood Immunization Recommendations
In the US, two doses of the MMR vaccine is recommended for children. Infants normally get their first measles vaccine between 12 and 15 months followed by another shot between 4 and 6 years. However, the CDC recommends that any baby as young as 6 months old that will be travelling internationally should get a vaccine before leaving followed by two more vaccines later. Learn more about vaccines recommended for infants on family-vaccines.org.

  • Infants should receive their first dose at 12-15 months of age
  • the second dose should be provided before entering school, at 4-6 years of age

Adolescent & Adult Immunizations Recommendations

Adolescents who were not previously vaccinated should get two doses (with at least 28 days between doses); those who only received one dose previously should get the second dose. Complications from measles are more common among adults. All adults born in 1957 or later who have not been vaccinated or have not had measles should be vaccinated. The CDC states that if you are not sure about your vaccination status, it is safe to get another measles vaccine. The only people who should not get vaccinated are those who are immune-compromised. Talk to your healthcare professional to find out if you should receive a vaccination. Learn more about measles in adolescents on adolescentvaccination.org or adults on adultvaccination.org.
  • Anyone born during or after 1957 who has not had measles should receive at least one dose of MMR vaccine
  • Two doses of MMR vaccine are recommended for adults at higher risk, including;
    • College students, trade school students, or other students beyond high school
    • Those who work in a healthcare setting
    • International travelers or those who are passengers on a cruise ship
    • Women of childbearing age

Resources

Adolescent Vaccination Recommendation: MMR

adolescentvaccination.org

Measles

In-depth information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American Academy of Pediatrics

Measles: Information for Parents

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Measles fact sheet

Measles Vaccination: Who Needs It?

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Answering questions about the measles vaccine

Measles Vaccines Questions & Answers

Immunization Action Coalition

Measles Immunization for Babies

family-vaccines.org

Sarampión (Measles) - Informacion para los padres

Measles information in Spanish for parents from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American Academy of Pediatrics

Understanding MMR Vaccine Safety

Questions and Answers from the CDC